https://jurnal.itpln.ac.id/forummekanika/issue/feed FORUM MEKANIKA 2022-11-18T09:06:24+07:00 Riki riki.ruli@sttpln.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: #ffffff; color: #333333; font-family: Times new roman,serif; font-size: medium; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;"><strong>Jurnal Forum Mekanika:</strong> Journal is a scientific journal published by Institut Teknologi PLN d/h. Sekolah Tinggi Teknik PLN jo<span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: #ffffff; color: #000000; cursor: text; font-family: 'Noto Sans',Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">urnal, especially for Civil Engineering Lecturers and generally for all Practitioners to be able to contribute in the form of scientific writing that will be useful for the application of science and technology, especially in the field of Civil Engineering.</span> Journal has been </span><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; color: #333333; font-family: Times new roman,serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: bold; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">Accredited </strong><span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: #ffffff; color: #333333; font-family: Times new roman,serif; font-size: medium; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">by the </span><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; color: #333333; font-family: Times new roman,serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: bold; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">National Journal Accreditation</strong><span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: #ffffff; color: #333333; font-family: Times new roman,serif; font-size: medium; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;"> (ARJUNA) managed by the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia with Class Five (</span><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; color: #333333; font-family: Times new roman,serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: bold; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;"><a style="background-color: transparent; box-sizing: border-box; color: #4582ec; text-decoration: none;" href="http://sinta2.ristekdikti.go.id/journals/detail?id=4522" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SINTA 5</a></strong><span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: #ffffff; color: #333333; font-family: Times new roman,serif; font-size: medium; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">) from 2018 to 2022 in accordance with the Decree</span><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; color: #333333; font-family: Times new roman,serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: bold; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">. No. 85/ M / KPT / 2020.</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in; line-height: 150%;" align="justify"><span style="font-family: Times new roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">T</span></span><span style="font-family: Times new roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">he journal registered in the CrossRef with </span></span><strong><span style="font-family: Times new roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Digital Object Identifier&nbsp;(DOI)&nbsp;prefix</span></span></strong><span style="font-family: Times new roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">: <a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=PETIR" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>10.33322</strong></span></a></span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>P-ISSN&nbsp;<a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2356-1491#">2356-1491&nbsp;&nbsp;</a>e-ISSN (electronics):&nbsp;<a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1547693835&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2655-8211</a></strong></p> https://jurnal.itpln.ac.id/forummekanika/article/view/1833 Perencanaan Off Street Parking Di Pasar Blauran Surabaya 2022-11-18T08:32:24+07:00 Jihan Irbatun Nadzifah dy.kusumastuti@gmail.com Nugroho Utomo dy.kusumastuti@gmail.com <p><em>Parking facilities are needed to support parking activies. Blauran market in Surabaya using the roadside as a parking facilities known as on street parking. However, the existence of on street parking at Blauran Market Surabaya causes congestion on Jalan Kranggan, especially during peak hours. Except that, there are several BG Junctions visitors who choose to park on street parking Blauran market makes the parking facilities exceed its capacity. So it is necessary to plan parking facilities in the form of parking buildings or parking parks. This study used the calculation and planning of off street parking based on the Pedoman Teknis Penyelenggaraan Fasilitas Parkir Direktur Jenderal Perhubungan Darat in 1996 and direct survey methods to obtain primary data include parking volume, parking accumulation, parking duration, parking turnover, parking capacity, parking provision and parking index. From the survey results, parking characteristics can be calculated to plan the need for off-street parking at the design age of 5 years and calculate the probability of arrival and parking services. After that, planning a parking building that provides parking for 655 SRP of motorbikes and 50 SRP of cars, which is in accordance with the 5-year plan age</em></p> 2022-11-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 FORUM MEKANIKA https://jurnal.itpln.ac.id/forummekanika/article/view/1831 Manajemen Lalu Lintas Di Kawasan Pasar Kembang Surabaya 2022-11-17T18:45:47+07:00 Rahmat Nabiliansyah rahmatnabiliansyah26@gmail.com Nugroho Utomo rahmatnabiliansyah26@gmail.com <p><em>Traffic management is needed to regulate traffic on roads in a city so that it is orderly and there is no congestion. Congestion that occurred on Pasar Kembang Street - Arjuno Street - Kedung Doro Street and the intersection adjacent to Pasar Kembang was caused by the large number of visitors to Pasar Kembang who parked inappropriately, the number of non-motorized vehicles that move around the market and the number of illegal parking from shops and places to eat around the market so that research is needed to find out appropriate traffic management. This study uses calculation methods that are guided by PKJI 2014 about urban roads and PKJI 2014 about intersections traffic signaling devices. From calculation of traffic performance, the degree of saturation on the existing condition of Pasar Kembang street to the north is 0.98, Pasar Kembang street to the south is 0.98, Arjuno street to the east is 0.94, Arjuno street to the west is 0.51, Kedung Doro street to the north is 0.98, and Kedung Doro street to the south is 0.94. Then for the degree of saturation of the intersection with APILL on the existing condition of Pasar Kembang street is 0.77 and the average delay = 39.61 seconds/vehicle, Jalan Arjuno is 0.73 and the average delay = 51.30 seconds/vehicle.</em></p> 2022-11-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 FORUM MEKANIKA https://jurnal.itpln.ac.id/forummekanika/article/view/1718 Mikro Simulasi Kinerja Ruas Jalan (Studi Kasus Jalan RE. Martadinata Palembang) 2022-07-31T04:07:30+07:00 Yules Pramona Zulkarnain jules_praz@yahoo.com Bazar Asmawi jules.praz23@gmail.com <p><em>One of the road infrastructures in Palembang with a fairly high generation and distribution of vehicle movement is the RE. Martadinata infrastructures, this is due to many of centralized economic activities along these roads such as markets, schools, ports, factories and settlements. This results in high side barriers so that it often causes many transportation problems such as vehicle delays, congestion, croweded and even accidents. Based on the above problems, it is necessary to conduct a research that examines the traffic performance of the R.E. Martadinata Palembang using the Indonesian Road Capacity Guidelines and simulated with the Vissim 2021 student version application. Based on the results of calculations and analysis of road performance data, the results obtained are, average vehicle volume (V) = 3747-3502 veh/hour, the V/C ratio = 0.65, the vehicle speed (V<sub>B</sub> ) is=45 km/hour so that the road network performance (LOS) is obtained at level C where traffic flow conditions are stable, but vehicle speed is controlled. The results of the micro simulation of road performance are, average vehicle volume (V) = 3990-3432 veh/hour, average speed = 40-42 km/hour, and emissions Carbon monoxide = 0.01-0.02 gram/km, Nitrogen monoxide = 0.002-0.004 gram/km, Hydro Carbon = 0.003-0.004 gram/km and fuel consumption = 4.6-6.8 liter/pcu.</em></p> 2022-11-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 FORUM MEKANIKA https://jurnal.itpln.ac.id/forummekanika/article/view/1836 Kajian Integrasi Antarmoda Transportasi Umum Pada Kawasan Pasar KM 5 Kota Palembang 2022-11-18T08:57:54+07:00 Muhammad Rizka Fadli Wibowo dy_pr_ku@yahoo.co.id Melawaty Agustien fadliwibowo028@gmail.com Edi Kadarsa fadliwibowo028@gmail.com <p><em>Pasar KM 5 Palembang </em><em>is a retail maket located on the national road and is passed by LRT and Angkot. The limited parking space creates congestion. Problems can be solved by improving the integration between good modes of transportation, This journal will obtain the results of an analysis of the integration between modes of public transportation in Pasar KM 5 Palembang in terms of socio-economic </em><em>and</em><em> travel characteristics of market visitors, conditions of physical and operational integration of public transportation and to obtain the results of intermodal integration</em><em>.</em><em> Data collection was carried out with questionnaire, which will be analyzed using GAP method to determine the difference between the performance of services in the field with applicable standards and community needs. </em><em>It </em><em>was found that the percentage value of motorcycle users was much greater than that of other transportation. In fact, the operational integration condition of the LRT transportation mode is quite good, although the physical integration condition still needs to be improved. The results of&nbsp; analysis of service performance between modes of transportation also show that the connectivity between the physical facilities of the mode to the Pasar KM 5 Palembang has not met expectations and needs to be improved.</em></p> 2022-11-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 FORUM MEKANIKA https://jurnal.itpln.ac.id/forummekanika/article/view/1734 Analisis Laju Infiltrasi dan Kekuatan Porous Paving Block Subtitusi Fly Ash dan Cangkang Kerang Darah 2022-08-29T06:22:48+07:00 Devita Mayasari devita.maya@ymail.com Tri Yuhanah tri.yuhanah@itpln.ac.id Yulisya Zuriatni yulisya.zuriatni@itpln.ac.id <p><em>Pengendalian genangan di suatu kawasan salah satunya dapat dilakukan dengan mengoptimalkan penyerapan air ke dalam tanah. Porous paving block memiliki nilai porositas tinggi karena memiliki kemampuan meloloskan air yang lebih tinggi namun kekuatannya lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan paving blok konvensional.</em><em> Limbah cangkang Kerang Darah (Anadara Granosa) yang keras dimanfaatkan sebagai material penyusun bahan bangunan. Limbah PLTU berupa fly ash dimanfaatkan sebagai pengganti semen. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan pembuatan porus paving block &nbsp;dengan bahan limbah fly ash (FA) sebagai semen dan cangkang kerang darah (CK) sebagai agregat kasar. Perbandingan bahan pembuatan paving block porous adalah 4; 3; 2,5; 2 dan 1,5 dengan semen disubtitusi 30 % FA. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruhnya terhadap kuat tekan pada umur 7, 14, dan 28 hari. Laju infiltrasi porous paving block dengan mengetahui koefisien permeabilitas diuji pada umur 28 hari. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kuat tekan porous paving block,&nbsp; yaitu V<sub>1</sub> = 14,83 MPa,&nbsp; V<sub>2</sub> = 1,5 MPa, V<sub>3</sub> = 4,66 MPa,&nbsp; V<sub>4</sub> = 4,58 MPa, V<sub>5</sub> = 8,75 MPa, V<sub>6</sub> = 4,50 MPa. Sedangkan nilai koefisien permeabilitas rata-rata porous paving block masing-masing V<sub>1</sub> = 0,0045 cm/s , V<sub>2</sub> = 0,0048 cm/s,&nbsp; V<sub>3</sub> = 0,0040 cm/s,&nbsp; V<sub>4</sub> = 0,0038 cm/s, V<sub>5</sub> = 0,0051 cm/s, V<sub>6</sub> = 0,0050 cm/s. Penggunaan perbandingan cangkang kerang darah 1(0,7PC + 0,3FA) : 2 CK mencapai koefisien permeabilitas yang optimum.</em></p> 2022-11-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 FORUM MEKANIKA https://jurnal.itpln.ac.id/forummekanika/article/view/1837 Upaya Peningkatan Nilai Kuat Tekan Beton dengan Penambahan Admixture Superplasticizer dan Cangkang Sawit Sebagai Pengganti Agregat Kasar 2022-11-18T09:06:24+07:00 Ika Sulianti ika.sulianti@ymail.com Agus Subrianto ikasulianti74@gmail.com Bambang Hidayat Fuady ikasulianti74@gmail.com A Fuad Z ikasulianti74@gmail.com Rico Nopri Dwinto ikasulianti74@gmail.com Sendi Satrio ikasulianti74@gmail.com <p><em>Portland cement, water, coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, and additives in a certain ratio range widely from chemical additives, fibers, and non-chemical waste items to make concrete. The palm oil waste </em><em>with &nbsp;additive superplasticizer were utilized to create the oil palm shells for this </em><em>research investigation. </em><em>In this study</em><em>, the compressive strength </em><em>test of concrete was </em><em>performed </em><em>on 15 cm x 15 cm x 15 cm cube</em><em>s. Six cubes make up the test item quantity for the mixing variant. Variations in the proportions of use superplasticizer and oil palm shells derived from the coarse aggregate</em><em>s and water ratios, respectively.</em><em> There are five different percentages of oil palm sheel that can be used. </em><em>Their percentages started from are 0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, </em><em>to 100%. K 225</em><em>&nbsp; was </em><em>the targeted concrete quality </em><em>in which it took about fourteen days and twenty eight days to perform the compression test. The </em><em>shown data showed that the average compressive strength at fourteen days of normal concrete was 18,7 MPa and that each variation of concrete palm oil shell was 25% (10,1 MPa), 50% (7,3 MPa), 75% (5,9 MPa), and 100% (3,1 MPa), while the average compressive strength at twenty eight days of normal concrete was 23,86 MPa and each variation was 25% (10,3 MPa), 50% (7,0 MPa), 75% (4,9 MPa), and 100% (2,9 MPa).</em></p> 2022-11-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 FORUM MEKANIKA https://jurnal.itpln.ac.id/forummekanika/article/view/1834 Pemanfaatan Limbah Abu Tongkol Jagung dan Bottom Ash Sebagai Bahan Campuran Pembuatan Paving Block 2022-11-18T08:44:12+07:00 Tri Yuhanah dy_pratiwi@ymail.com Rani Aqidatul Afirul tri.yuhanah@itpln.ac.id <p>Paving block is a building material that is commonly used by the public, especially in parking lots, yards, sidewalks and other outdoor areas. The quality of paving blocks must meet the requirements according to their use, depending on the material for making the paving blocks. One of them is by utilizing the residue from the tofu factory combustion in the form of cob ash waste corn (ATJ) and coal combustion residue (bottom ash). In this study, corn cob ash was used as a cement substitute and bottom ash as a sand substitute. The ratio of materials for making paving blocks is 1 (cement): 4 (sand). The purpose of this study was to determine the value of compressive strength, water absorption and the optimum composition of substitution material for corn cob ash and bottom ash in paving blocks. Corncob ash waste used in the mixture of paving block materials is 5% ATJ waste and variations in bottom ash mixture of 0%, 10%, 20%, and 30%. The compressive strength test was carried out at the age of 7 days, 14 days and 28 days and the water absorption test was carried out at the age of 28 days. From the results of the research, the compressive strength values ??were respectively 18 MPa, 20.58 MPa, 23.25 MPa, 22.17 MPa, and 20.08 MPa. The percentages of absorption are 5.91%, 5.53%, 6.57%, 7.42 % and 8.23%, respectively. Based on SNI 03-0691-1996, the paving blocks produced in this study include B quality which can be used for parking lots.</p> 2022-11-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 FORUM MEKANIKA https://jurnal.itpln.ac.id/forummekanika/article/view/1835 Evaluasi Kinerja Stasiun Manggarai Akibat Perubahan Jalur Transit Terhadap Kepuasan Penumpang 2022-11-18T08:51:42+07:00 Gita Puspa Artiani gita_artiani@unkris.ac.id Titin Oktaviani gita_artiani@unkris.ac.id Nilam Tantri gita_artiani@unkris.ac.id <p><em>Train is one of the most popular modes of land transportation between cities through all social classes which must be balanced with appropriate station facilities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the station's performance against changes in the transit line of train travel via Manggarai Station for passengers. The study begins with the identification of factors that influence the path change based on the importance and performance of the station using the survey method. Analyzed with the Importance Performance Analysis (IPA) method and the help of the SPSS version 28.1.0 program. The results show the frequency of respondents' answers to the importance factor, there are 2 statements that get the highest value weight: (X3) Train is a reliable public transportation in saving time and (X7) is chosen as a convenient and safe transportation for traveling to places. recreation. Meanwhile, based on the results of the calculation of the performance factor, there are 3 statements that get the highest value weight, namely (X12) PT. KAI provides information related to changes in transit lines via Manggarai Station to passengers, (X16) PT. KAI changes transit lines to make it easier for passengers who want to transit, and (X19) PT. KAI optimizes station facilities to support passenger comfort and safety. However, based on the results of the overall calculation of the level of conformity, the results obtained were 89.16%. which means the level of conformity of train passengers as a whole is still below the expectation of 100%.</em></p> 2022-11-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 FORUM MEKANIKA